- Uproot the infected plants.
- Cultivate of resistant/tolerant varieties like Pusa Jwala, Pant C-1, Pusa- Sadabahar, Panjab lal etc.
- Spray Acetamiprid 20% SP at the rate of 130gram/acre at regular intervals to reduce the vectors, or
- You can also Spray Fipronil 40% + Imidachloprid 40% WG @ 40 gram/acre.
- The main symptom of this disease is the appearance of dark green and yellow spots on the leaves.
- Another symptom includes the appearance of Light pits and blisters
- Yellowing and distortion of younger leaves, followed by conspicuous mosaic.
- Severe mottling with light and dark green patches get Scattered all over the leaf surface.
- Slight curling, marginal rolling and shortening of leaves are other common symptoms of mosaic virus.
- This disease spreads through whitefly.
Indians consume onions every day: in curries, in salads, as accompaniments. Meaning, there is year-round demand.
Supply, however, is seasonal.
Onions come from primarily from three states (Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka) who, between them, provide two-thirds of the onion crop.
- choose healthy seeds for showing.
- The seeds should be treated with recommended fungicide before sowing.
- The continuous raising of the nursery in the same plot should be avoided.
- The topsoil of the nursery should be treated with Carbendazim @ 5 gm/square m. area of the soil and the nursery should be drenched with Carbendazim @ 2gm/litre of water fortnightly.
- Soil solarization by spreading 250 gauge polythene sheet over the bed for 30 days before sowing in summer season should be done.
- Application of bio-control agent Trichoderma viride in soil @ 500 gram/acre is also found effective to control damping-off to a considerable extent.
- one should apply About 8-10 t/acre of FYM at the time of field preparation.
- 30 kg Urea, 70kg single super phosphate and 35 kg muriate of potash per acre is applied at the time of last ploughing.
- Another 30 kg urea should be top dressed in two split doses, one at 8-10 leaf stage and second at the flowering stage.
|1.||Soya bean||maize, peagonpea||
|3.||Cotton||groundnut, green gram, black gram maize.|
- Inter-cropping maintains the diversity and stability of fields.
- It reduces the use of chemical/fertilizer.
- It helps in Weed suppression and reduces the chances of diseases and insect attacks.
- In inter-cropping, Vegetable crops give high production in short duration.
- To prevent bulb splitting in onion, Use uniform irrigation and fertilization practices.
- Use of slow-growing onion varieties can reduce the incidences of this disorder.
- Spray 00:00: 50 @ 1kg/acre.
- Uneven irrigation of onion fields increases the chances of this disorder.
- Fields that are over irrigated, allowed to dry completely and then over irrigated again often have many split bulbs.
- Bulb mites are frequently associated with bulb splitting.
- The first symptom is observed as the rotting of the basal portion of the bulb.
- Secondary growth of the affected bulb often occurs when several small bulbs protruded from the spilt basal portion.
- A simple 1-page form is designed to obtain basic data from the bank’s record under PM Kisan Yojna, and only one copy of the land record with details of crop sown would be required for that.
- This form will be available with an ad published in all leading newspapers across India and the same can be cut & filled by the beneficiaries.
- You can also download the form from websites of all Scheduled Commercial Banks, the website of the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare and PM-KISAN.
- Common Service Centres have been given permission to fill up the form & transmit the same to the concerned bank.