Gram harvesting

Gram harvesting:- When most of the pod is yellow, then gram must be harvested. Moisture should be around 15 percent in gram.

Gram harvesting

  • When most of the pod is yellow, then gram must be harvested.
  • Moisture should be around 15 percent in gram.
  • When the plant gets dry and the leaves become red brown and the leaves begin to fall, then the crop is ready for harvesting.

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High yielding moong varieties in summer

High yielding moong varieties in summer:- Virat, Samrat, Khargone 1, Krishna 11, Jawahar 45, Kopargaon, Mohini (S-8), PS 16, Pusa 105, ML 337,Type 1, Type 4, Type 51, K851, Pusa Baisakhi,

  • Virat, Samrat, Khargone 1, Krishna 11, Jawahar 45, Kopargaon, Mohini (S-8), PS 16, Pusa 105, ML 337,Type 1, Type 4, Type 51, K851, Pusa Baisakhi, PS 10, PS 7, Pant Moong 2, Pant Moong3, ML 267, Pusa 105, ML337, PDM 54, Pant Moong 1, HUM-1, RUM-12, BM-4, PDM-54, JM-72, K-851, PDM-11.

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Thrips control in tomato

Thrips control in tomato:- Plants infected with thrips develop spotted appearance on leaves which turn pale-white blotches due to drainage of sap. Due to thrips attack reduces production.

  • Plants infected with thrips develop spotted appearance on leaves which turn pale-white blotches due to drainage of sap. Due to thrips attack reduces production.
  • For effective control, spray Profenofos 3 Ml/litre of Water or fipronil 5% SC 3 ml/litre of Water or Thiamethoxam 0.5 Gm/litre of Water after every 10 days interval.

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Disadvantages of burning Sawdust/Chaff/Straw

Disadvantages of burning sawdust/Chaff/Straw:- Open burning chaff as a method of disposal is worrisome as a result of the associated air pollutants and their effects on air quality and public health.

  • Open burning chaff as a method of disposal is worrisome as a result of the associated air pollutants and their effects on air quality and public health.
  • This also adversely affects the nutrient budget and beneficial microorganism in the soil.
  • Burning creates severe air pollution on and off farms. People are affected by smoke and polluted air in farming areas and hundreds of kilometers away from farms.
  • lose of essential moisture in field, Continuous burning of rice straw will lead to severe degradation of the soil in farmers’ fields.
  • Straw burning releases CO2 — a greenhouse gas — that will aggravate global warming and climate change.
  • Risk of fires spreading out of control.

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Picking of Tomato

Picking of Tomato: Picking depends upon the purpose for which they are used. Four maturity stages are generally identified.

Picking depends upon the purpose for which they are used. Four maturity stages are generally identified.

  • Green stage: The mature green fruits are generally picked to send them to the distant market.
  • Pink Stage: At this stage, colour turns to pink or red at the blossom end. They are picked for local market.
  • Ripe stage: At this stage surface of most of the fruits is red and the softening of fruits begins.
  • Fully Ripe: At this stage, fruits have approached maximum colour development and are soft. Starch is charged into sugars. They are generally consumed or used for canning and processing.

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Control of Powdery Mildew of muskmelon

Control of Powdery Mildew of muskmelon:- White to dirty gray spots or patches appear on leaves which become white powdery as they enlarge.

  • White to dirty gray spots or patches appear on leaves which become white powdery as they enlarge.
  • Fortnightly spray hexaconazole 5% SC @ 300 ml per acre or thiophanate methyl 70% WP @ 400 gm per acre.

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Downy mildew control in muskmelon

Downy mildew control in muskmelon:- Water soaked lesions appear on undersurface of leaf lamina. Angular spots appear on upper surface similar to water-soaked lesions….

  • Water soaked lesions appear on undersurface of leaf lamina.
  • Angular spots appear on upper surface similar to water-soaked lesions.
  • Lesions appear first on the older leaves and progressively on the younger leaves.
  • As the lesions expand, they may remain yellow or become dry and brown.
  • Affected vines do not set fruit properly.
  • Plucking and destroy of affected leaves.
  • Spray with Mancozeb 75% WP @ 350-400 gm/acre or Chlorothalonil 75% WP @ 200-250 gm/ acre.
  • Crop rotation and sanitation reduces the severity of the disease.

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Maturity index of wheat

Maturity index of wheat:-The crop is harvested when the grains become hard and the straw becomes yellow dry and brittle. Cereals are harvested at about 15 percent of the moisture in the grain.

  • The crop is harvested when the grains become hard and the straw becomes yellow dry and brittle.
  • Cereals are harvested at about 15 percent of the moisture in the grain.
  • Wheat should be yellow at the time of wheat harvest.
  • Wheat harvesting is done at 110-130 days after sowing.

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