Gram harvesting

Gram harvesting:- When most of the pod is yellow, then gram must be harvested. Moisture should be around 15 percent in gram.

Gram harvesting

  • When most of the pod is yellow, then gram must be harvested.
  • Moisture should be around 15 percent in gram.
  • When the plant gets dry and the leaves become red brown and the leaves begin to fall, then the crop is ready for harvesting.

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Management of mosaic virus in bottle gourd

Management of mosaic virus in bottle gourd:-Plants go fully dry. Foliage is covered in distinctive yellow mosaic. Leaves of plant curl downwards and leaf size smaller than normal. Fruits become

Plants go fully dry. Foliage is covered in distinctive yellow mosaic. Leaves of plant curl downwards and leaf size smaller than normal. Fruits become distorted and are small in size. Transmitted by aphids.

Management

  • Removing weeds and diseased plants from fields can reduce the chance of infection.
  • The use of resistance variety in another way some farmers control virus spread.
  • Vector control by using systemic insecticide- Imidacloprid (17.8% SL) @ 100-120 ml/acre or Acephate (75% SP) @ 140-200 g /acre.                   

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Collar rot control in bottle gourd

Collar rot control in bottle gourd:- Dark brown water-soaked lesions and girdling at the base of stem occurs. Finally, the entire plant to rot and die. Cottony white mycelium…

  • Dark brown water-soaked lesions and girdling at the base of stem occurs. Finally, the entire plant to rot and die.
  • Cottony white mycelium in the surface of the infected tissue occurs with advanced infections.
  • Affected plants can be easily uprooted but the lower part of the root usually remains in soil.
  • Treat the seed with Carbendazim 50% WP @ 2.5  gm/kg of seed before sowing.
  • Drench vine with Mancozeb 63% + Carbendazim 12% WP @ 400 gm/acre or thiophanate methyl 70% WP @ 300 gm/acre are recommended for control.
  • Previous crop residues should be buried deep.

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Fertilizer dose in bitter gourd

Fertilizer dose in bitter gourd:-The use of fertilizer depends on soil fertility, climate and planting season. Apply well-rotted FYM / compost @ 6-8 t/acre at the time of land preparation and mix well with the soil.

  • The use of fertilizer depends on soil fertility, climate and planting season.
  • Apply well-rotted FYM / compost @ 6-8 t/acre at the time of land preparation and mix well with the soil.
  • Use urea 30-40 kg, DAP 35-50 kg, and MOP 20-40 kg / acre.
  • Before planting half urea and full dose of DAP and MOP should be used. Use other half urea during 15 Days after sowing and 30 days after sowing.

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Flower promotion nutrients in snake gourd

Flower promotion nutrients in snake gourd:-The flowering stage is most important in snake gourd. A flowering stage comes 40-45 days after seed sowing.

  • The flowering stage is most important in snake gourd.
  • A flowering stage comes 40-45 days after seed sowing.
  • We can promote flowering and takes high yield through given below products.
  • Spray Homobrassinolide 0.04% W/w 100-120 ml/acre.
  • Apply seaweed extract 180-200 ml./acre.
  • Use multi-Micro nutrients 300 Gm/acre.
  • Spray 2 gm/acre gibberellic acid.

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Control of anthracnose in bottle gourd

Control of anthracnose in bottle gourd:- Clean cultivation and crop rotation minimize disease incidence. Treat the seed with Carbendazim @ 2.5 gm/kg seed…..

  • Clean cultivation and crop rotation minimize disease incidence.
  • Treat the seed with Carbendazim @ 2.5 gm/kg seed.  
  • Spray Mancozeb 75% WP @ 400 gm/acre or chlorothalonil 75% WP @ 300 gm/acre at 10 days intervals.  

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Advantage of Phosphorus Solubilizing bacteria in bitter gourd

Advantage of Phosphorus Solubilizing bacteria in bitter gourd:- Increase micronutrients availability to plant from the soil like Mn, Mg, Fe, Mo, B, Zn and Cu in addition to P2O5.

  • Increase micronutrients availability to plant from the soil like Mn, Mg, Fe, Mo, B, Zn and Cu in addition to P2O5.
  • Encourage faster root growth for water and nutrient uptake.
  • PSB produce organic acids like malic, succinic, fumaric, citric, tartaric acid and acetic acid which fasten the P2O5 uptake, maturity and increase yield.
  • Increase resistance towards diseases and drought tolerance due to rapid cell development in the plants.
  • Reduce 25 – 30% phosphatic fertilizer requirement.

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Control of Aphids on Bitter Gourd

Control of Aphids on Bitter Gourd:-The affected parts turn yellow, get curled, wrinkle and deformed in shape and ultimately dry and die away.

  • The affected parts turn yellow, get curled, wrinkle and deformed in shape and ultimately dry and die away.
  • Spray dimethoate 30 ml per pump or Imidacloprid 17.8% SL 10 ml per pump at fortnightly intervals.

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Fertilizers dose of Bottle gourd

Fertilizers dose of Bottle gourd:-The use of fertilizers and fertilizers depends on the condition of the soil.
Add farmyard manure @ 11 tonnes/acre at the time of field preparation….

  • The use of fertilizers and fertilizers depends on the condition of the soil.
  • Add farmyard manure @ 11 tonnes/acre at the time of field preparation.
  • Application of 30 kg urea, 80 kg single super phosphate and 30 kg muriate of potash per acre at the time of final field preparation.
  • Apply another 60 kg urea per acre in 2-3 split doses at the time of vining and initial fruit set.

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