Good News for 14 crore Farmers! Now Get Additional Benefits with PM-Kisan Payout

  • Eligible farmers will get Rs. 6000 annually.

  • Farmers eligible for PM Kisan Samman Nidhi yojana can easily get Kisan Credit Card.

  • Farmers can get a loan up to Rs 3 lakh at just 4% interest rate.

  • Eligible farmers can take benefit of Pradhan Mantri Suraksha BimaYojana (PMSBY) & Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Beema Yojana (PMJJBY).  

  • These two schemes offer both accidental insurance and life insurance at a premium of Rs.12 and Rs.330 respectively, for an insured value of Rupees two lakh in each case.

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How to improve yield in watermelon with the help of irrigation

  • Watermelon responds very much to irrigation but it can not withstand waterlogged conditions.
  • It is generally cultivated as a spring-summer crop in which the frequency of irrigation is very important.
  • The crop should be irrigated at 3-5 days intervals.
  • Soil moisture stress during pre-flowering, flowering, and fruit development stage drastically reduce yield.
  • Irrigation should be stopped during ripening as it adversely affects fruit quality and promotes fruit cracking.
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Some important variety of watermelon

 

S.N. Variety Name Fruit Shape Fruit size

(kg.)

Duration

   (day)

Fruit colour
1. Sager king Oval  3-5  60 – 70 Dark black skin and red flush 
2. Sager king plus Oval  3-5  60 – 70 Dark black skin and red flush 
2. Kajal  Oval 3- 3.5 60 – 70 dark green with pink flesh
4. 2208 Oval 2-4 70 – 80 Dark black skin and red flush
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Land Preparation for Watermelon Cultivation

  • Watermelons can grow in many kinds of soil but prefer a light, sandy, fertile loam that drains easily.
  • Add generous amounts of manure, compost and leaves to your field and work the soil well prior to planting.
  • Fields should be prepared thoroughly by plowing and harrowing and removing the different types of plant debris.
  • A gentle, south-facing slope is ideal.
  • It should also be pulverized and leveled; furrows are made 2 m apart.
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Suitable sowing Time for Watermelon

  • The time of sowing watermelon is from November to March.
  • After the November to December sowing time, the plant should be protected from frosting. This is the reason most sowing is done from January to March.
  • In the hilly areas, watermelons are sown from March to April.
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Management of painted bug on mustard crop

  • Deep plowing so that the eggs of painted bugs are destroyed
  • Early sowing is needed to avoid pest attack
  • Irrigate the crop for four weeks after sowing to reduce pest attack
  • Spray thiamethoxam 25 % WP(evident/Areva) @ 300 gm/acre or
  • Spray Acephate 75%SP (remain) or
  • Spray Bifenthrin ( klintop/marker) @ 300 ml/acre
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Identification of painted bug on mustard

  • A bug is black in color with red and yellow lines
  • Young plants wilt and wither as a result of the attack
  • Both the nymph and adult suck the sap of leaves and tender stems resulting in poor growth and pale yellow color of the leaves. 
  • In a later stage, the insects suck the sap of the pods with the result both quantity and quality of seed are adversely affected.
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Treatment of Calcium deficiency in tomato Field

  • Apply FYM before 15 days of transplanting in the main field.
  • At the time of transplanting, use Calcium Nitrate @ 10 KG/ acre.
  • Twice spray of calcium EDTA @ 150 Gm/acre at the time of appear deficiency symptoms.
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Nutrients management in mustard

  • The flowering stage is important in mustard crops.
  • In this stage, it is beneficial to increase the number of flowers and give hormones at the time of growth of pods.
  • For this, spraying of Homobrassinolide 0.04% @ 100 ml / acre with 19:19:19 @ 1 kg per acre.s
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Advantage of Phosphorus Solubilizing bacteria in bitter gourd

  • Increase micronutrient availability to plant from the soil like Mn, Mg, Fe, Mo, B, Zn and Cu in addition to P2O5.
  • Encourage faster root growth for water and nutrient uptake.
  • PSB produces organic acids like malic, succinic, fumaric, citric, tartaric acid and acetic acid which fasten the P2O5 uptake, maturity and increase yield.
  • Increase resistance towards diseases and drought tolerance due to rapid cell development in the plants.
  • Reduce 25 – 30% phosphatic fertilizer requirement.
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