For the next 10 days, what will be the preparation of chillies

It’s  been 8 to 10 days since chili has been sown, the next 10 days proper crop life cycle management is essential for optimum productivity, the following methods should be adopted in doing so

  • First Spray at 12 DAS:- Thiamethoxam 25% WP 8 gm/pump + Amino acid 20 ml/pump.( To control soil-borne pest and seedling nutrition )
  • Second Spray at 20 DAS:- Metalaxyl-M ( Mefanoxam ) 4% + Mancozeb 64% WP 30 gm/Pump. ( To control soil-borne diseases like damping off )
  • If there are other pests and diseases or any problem related to farming, then you can call on our toll-free no.1800-315-7566.

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Fertilizer Management in Maize leads to more yield

  • To take more yield, the quantity of balanced fertilizers should be used.
  • Apply well rotten FYM @ 8-10 tonnes/acre in the field.
  • At the time of sowing, Apply (urea @ 65 kg/acre + DAP @ 35 kg/acre + MOP @ 35 kg/acre + carbofuran @ 5 kg/acre from the basal dose.
  • After 15-20 DAS, Apply Magnesium Sulphate @ 10 kg/acre + @ Zinc Sulphate + Giorhyizza @ 8 kg@ 10 kg/acre.

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Field Management in cotton

  • Better crop production can be taken only by the better Field management system.
  • Before sowing the crop, deep ploughing 2 to 3 times and leave the field open for 2-3 days.
  • Weeds are destroyed by deep ploughing and increase the water holding capacity in the soil and the pupa/cocoons of insects present in the field are destroyed and then flatten the field by Bakhar/patella.
  • 10-15 days before sowing, Apply FYM @ 10 tons/acre in the field.
  • Apply Trichoderma viride +Trichoderma harzianum @ 2kg + 50 kg FYM for control of soil-borne diseases.

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Insects Management in Okra

Shoot and Fruit Borer:  

  • Adults are medium-sized moths, 13 to 15 mm long head and thorax ochreous-white
  • Control:- The infected fruits and shoots should be removed regularly and destroy.  
  • For effective control of shoot and fruit borer, apply Carbosulfan 25 % EC @ 400 ml/acre OR Bifenthrin 10% EC @ 400 ml/acre OR Methomyle 40% SP @ 400 g/acre.

White Fly:

  • Nymphs are oval, scale-like and greenish-white in color. Adults are 1mm long, covered completely with a white waxy bloom.
  • Control :- Spray of Acephate 50 % + Imidacloprid 1.8% SP @ 200gm/acre
  • Acetamiprid 20 % SP @ 100-150 gm/acre  OR
  • Thiamethoxam 25% WG @ 80 gm/acre.

Red mites:

  • Mites live in colonies on the under-surfaces of leaves.
  • Nymphs and adults suck cell sap and white patches appear on leaves.
  • Affected leaves become mottled, turn brown and fall.
  • Control :- Spray Propargite 57% EC @ 400 ml/acre  OR
  • Spiromesifen 22.95% w/w @ 300 ml/acre OR
  • Abamectin 1.8% EC @ 60-100 ml/acre.

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Flower promotion in snake gourd

  • The flowering stage is most important in snake gourd.
  • A flowering stage comes 40-45 days after seed sowing.
  • We can promote flowering and takes high yield through given below products.
    • Spray Homobrassinolide 0.04% W/w 100-120 ml/acre.
    • Apply seaweed extract 180-200 ml./acre.
    • Use multi-Micro nutrients 300 Gm/acre.
    • Spray 2 gm/acre gibberellic acid.

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How to get more fruits with every picking in okra

  • To take more picking in Bhindi crop 2 weeks before sowing, mix the FYM in the field equal to 10 tons/acre in the field, thereby increasing the absorbing capacity of the nutrients in the plant.
  • At the time of sowing, mix nitrogen fixing and phosphorus solubilizing bacteria with fertilizers in the field at the rate of 2 kg/acre.
  • Give the quantity of nitrogen (60-80 kg per acre) at the time of sowing and half quantity remaining 30 days after sowing, thereby increasing the number of fruits per branch per vinegar and it can be increased by 50% production.
  • Approximately 40 to 50 days after the sowing of the okra starts to give fruits.
  • Before the first picking, gives calcium nitrate + boron @ 10 kg/acre, 10 kg magnesium sulphate 10 kg/acre + Urea @ 25 kg/acre with Nitrogen Fixation and Phosphorus Solublizing bacteria @ 1kg/acre.
  • During flowering in okra give Ammonium sulfate at the rate of 55-70 kg/acre, it is important for the development of the fruits.

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How to Control Stem Borer in Sweet Corn

  • This is the major and more harmful insect of Sweet corn
  • Central shoot withers and leading to “dead heart”.
  • Larvae mines the midrib enter the stem and feeds on the internal tissues.
  • Boreholes are visible on the stem near the nodes.
  • Young larva crawls and feeds on tender folded leaves causing typical “shot hole” symptom.
  • Affected parts of the stem may show internally tunneling caterpillars. In the later stage, the plant becomes die.

Control

  • Mix any one of the following granular insecticides with sand to make up a total quantity of 50 kg and apply in the leaf whorls on the 20th day after sowing.
    Phorate 10% G 4 kg/acre or Fipronil 0.3% G 5 kg/acre on 15-20 day after sowing.
  • If granular insecticides are not used, spray any one of the following:
    • Bifenthrin 10% EC @ 200 ml /acre on the 20th day of sowing.
    • Fipronil 5% SC @ 500 ml/ acre on the 20 day after sowing.
    • Cartap Hydrochloride 50% SP @ 400 gm/acre.

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Basis for selection of Cotton vareity

On the Basis of Soil Type:-

Light to Medium Soil :-   Neo (Rasi).

Heavy Soil:- Rch 659 BG II, Magna (Rasi), Moksha BG2 ( Aditya), Super Cot Bt-II    

(Prabhat).

On the basis of Irrigation source:-

Rainfed:- Jadoo (Kaveri), Moksha BG2 ( Aditya).

Semi-irrigated:-  Neo, Magna (Rasi), Moneymaker (Kaveri), Super Cot Bt-II (Prabhat).

Irrigated:-  Rch 659 BG II (Rasi), Jadoo (Kaveri).

On the Basis of Plant habit:-

  Erect:-  Jadoo (Kaveri),  Moksha BG2 ( Aditya), Bhakti (Nuziveedu).

    Bushy varieties:- Rch 659 BG-II (Rasi), Super Cot Bt-II (Prabhat).

On the Basis of Crop duration :-

   Early variety (140-150 days)

  • Rch 659 BG-II (Rasi).
  • Bhakti (Nuziveedu).
  • Super Cot Bt- II (Prabhat).

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Importance of Microbes in Soil (ZnSB )

  1. India’s agricultural land has a deficit of zinc is 50%, which will be up to 63% by 2025.
  2. Zinc is an essential micronutrient for plant growth. But it remains unavailable in the soil which plants cannot use easily.
  3. This bacterium provides an available form of zinc and as well as control of ‘Khera disease’ in paddy, increased crop yield and quality of yield, improve soil health and increases the activity of hormones and also increases the activity of photosynthesis.
  4. Zinc-soluble bacteria produce organic acids in the soil and convert insoluble zinc (zinc sulfide, zinc oxide, and zinc carbonate) into Zn+  (Available form of Zinc) form and maintain soil pH.
  5. zinc soluble bacteria @ 2 kg/acre mix with 50 kg of well-decomposed FYM and broadcast in the field.

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An Improved Variety of Soybean:- JS 20-29

  • JS 20-29 is a new high yielding variety approx 10-12q/acre. which has been developed by Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya.
  • High germinability, multiple diseases resistant.  
  • The leaf is pointed, oval and dark green. The branches three to four, medium to tall approx 100 cm.
  • Flower color is white.
  • It is an early maturing variety, duration 90-95 days, having bold seeds (Seed weight- 13 gram per 100 seeds ).

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