Gram harvesting

Gram harvesting:- When most of the pod is yellow, then gram must be harvested. Moisture should be around 15 percent in gram.

Gram harvesting

  • When most of the pod is yellow, then gram must be harvested.
  • Moisture should be around 15 percent in gram.
  • When the plant gets dry and the leaves become red brown and the leaves begin to fall, then the crop is ready for harvesting.

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Management of pod borer in Gram(Chickpea)

Management of pod borer in Gram(Chickpea):- Pod borer is a notorious pest of chickpea causing heavy damage to the crop. Yield loss due to pod borer is estimated at 21%. The pest is reported to cause about 50 To 60%  damage to the chick pods.

Pod borer in Gram (Chickpea):Pod borer is a pest that causes heavy damage to chickpea. In fact, this pest is reported to have caused yield loss up to 21%. The pest is reported to cause about 50 to 60%  damage to the chick pods. Apart from chickpea the pest also attacks pigeon pea, sunflower, cotton, chilli, sorghum, groundnut, tomato and other agricultural and horticultural crops. It is a devastating pest that attacks pulses and oilseeds.

Infestation: The infestation starts usually a fortnight after germination and becomes serious just after the initiation of flower bud coupled with cloudy and humid weather. Female lay several small white eggs. Upon hatching in 3-4 days the caterpillars feed on the leaves for a short time and subsequently attack the pods. A full-grown caterpillar is about 34 mm long, greenish to brownish in colour with scattered, short, white hair and buries itself in the soil to make an earthen cell inside which it pupates. The life cycle is completed in about 30-45 days. The pest completes eight generations in a year.

Management:-  It is advised to plough in summer to expose the hidden stages of the pest to natural predators. Application of HaNPV at the rate of 100 LE per acre along with 0.5 % jaggery and 0.1% boric acid specifically at the egg hatch stage should be done and it should be repeated in 15-20 days. Use of accurate chemicals should comprise 2.00 ml profenophos 50 EC per litre of water. Use of pheromone traps at 4-5 traps/ ha. spraying neem seed kernel extract 5% in the early stage. If the infestation is severe, spraying 0.5 ml Indoxacarb 14.5% SC or 0.1 ml Spinosad 45 SC or 2.5 ml Chlorpyriphos 20 EC can be helpful. Use of 4-5 bird perches to attract birds and sowing bhendi or marigold around the field as trap crops are the most effective way to deal with this pest.

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Weed Management in Gram

Weed Management in Gram:-Weeds affected yield of gram by the compete with plant for nutrient, shade, light and space and weeds are also attract to many insects, pest and diseases and decrease the quality of seeds….

Weed Management in Gram:-

  • Weeds affected yield of gram by the compete with plant for nutrient, shade, light and space and weeds are also attract to many insects, pest and diseases and decrease the quality of seeds.
  • Chenopodium album, Melilotus indica, Lathyrus tuberosus, Polygonum aviculare Euphorbia exigua, Sinapis arvensis etc. are the major weeds of gram.
  • There are two weeding should be done in gram field at 20-25 days after sowing and 50-55 days after sowing.
  • But lack of labour, use pre-emergence weedicide pendimethalin 30 EC @ 2.5 lit./hac. formally in 500 litre water. Then after 20-25 days of sowing may apply first weeding. Then second weeding may apply 50-55 days after sowing.

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