How to flower promotion in chickpea

  • We can promote flowering and takes high yield through given below products.
  • Spray Homobrassinolide 0.04% W/w 100 ml/acre.
  • Apply seaweed extract 200-250 ml/acre.
  • Use micro-nutrients 200 gm/acre especially boron.
  • Spray 2 gm/acre gibberellic acid.

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Seed Treatment of Chickpea (Gram)

  • Gram should be treated with carboxin 37.5% + Thiram 37.5% or Carbendazim 12% + Mancozeb 63% at the rate of 2 gm per kg seed before sowing avoids fungal diseases like root rot, Collar rot and damping off.

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Storage technique for gram

  • With about 13 to 15 percent humidity, the harvesting of the crop decreases with fewer grains.
  • There is a big impact on the presence of chickpeas, e.g. colour.
  • Visual appearance is often important for its market value.
  • The harvest should be stored only by cleaning.
  • Regular monitoring of pulses in storage hygiene, wastewater cooling and storage is very important.
  • Take special care of moisture in the grain during storage.
  • The quantity of low moisture can be broken during the harvest and handling.
  • If the environment is not favorable, the breaking of grain is increasing so decrease the quality and life of the storage of seed and germination of seed.
  • Grain should be healthy so that the market will get good value in the crop market.

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Gram harvesting

Gram harvesting

  • When most of the pod is yellow, then gram must be harvested.
  • Moisture should be around 15 percent in gram.
  • When the plant gets dry and the leaves become red brown and the leaves begin to fall, then the crop is ready for harvesting.

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Management of pod borer in Gram(Chickpea)

Pod borer in Gram (Chickpea):Pod borer is a pest that causes heavy damage to chickpea. In fact, this pest is reported to have caused yield loss up to 21%. The pest is reported to cause about 50 to 60%  damage to the chick pods. Apart from chickpea the pest also attacks pigeon pea, sunflower, cotton, chilli, sorghum, groundnut, tomato and other agricultural and horticultural crops. It is a devastating pest that attacks pulses and oilseeds.

Infestation: The infestation starts usually a fortnight after germination and becomes serious just after the initiation of flower bud coupled with cloudy and humid weather. Female lay several small white eggs. Upon hatching in 3-4 days the caterpillars feed on the leaves for a short time and subsequently attack the pods. A full-grown caterpillar is about 34 mm long, greenish to brownish in colour with scattered, short, white hair and buries itself in the soil to make an earthen cell inside which it pupates. The life cycle is completed in about 30-45 days. The pest completes eight generations in a year.

Management:-  It is advised to plough in summer to expose the hidden stages of the pest to natural predators. Application of HaNPV at the rate of 100 LE per acre along with 0.5 % jaggery and 0.1% boric acid specifically at the egg hatch stage should be done and it should be repeated in 15-20 days. Use of accurate chemicals should comprise 2.00 ml profenophos 50 EC per litre of water. Use of pheromone traps at 4-5 traps/ ha. spraying neem seed kernel extract 5% in the early stage. If the infestation is severe, spraying 0.5 ml Indoxacarb 14.5% SC or 0.1 ml Spinosad 45 SC or 2.5 ml Chlorpyriphos 20 EC can be helpful. Use of 4-5 bird perches to attract birds and sowing bhendi or marigold around the field as trap crops are the most effective way to deal with this pest.

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Weed Management in Gram

Weed Management in Gram:-

  • Weeds affected yield of gram by the compete with plant for nutrient, shade, light and space and weeds are also attract to many insects, pest and diseases and decrease the quality of seeds.
  • Chenopodium album, Melilotus indica, Lathyrus tuberosus, Polygonum aviculare Euphorbia exigua, Sinapis arvensis etc. are the major weeds of gram.
  • There are two weeding should be done in gram field at 20-25 days after sowing and 50-55 days after sowing.
  • But lack of labour, use pre-emergence weedicide pendimethalin 30 EC @ 2.5 lit./hac. formally in 500 litre water. Then after 20-25 days of sowing may apply first weeding. Then second weeding may apply 50-55 days after sowing.

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Healthy and Excellent Crop of Chickpea

Name of Farmer :- Kalyan Patel

Village + tehsil:- Depalpur

District:- Indore

State:- Madhya Pradesh

कल्याण जी ने 10 एकड़ का चना लगाया है जिसमे इन्होने प्रोपिकोनाजोल 25% EC का स्प्रे साथ में एक विश्वसनीय कम्पनी का ज़ाईम का स्प्रे ग्रामोफ़ोन के अनुसार किया अभी चना बहुत बढ़िया है कोई बीमारी नहीं आई है फुल अच्छे लगे है |

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Maximum Control of Root rot in Gram(Chickpea)

Name of farmer :- Hariom Bahahur Singh

Village:- Limbodapar

Tehsil and district :- Depalpur and Indore

State:- Madhya Pradesh

Farmer Hariom ji had a problem of rot root and white fungus in the gram. He sprayed Propiconazole 25% EC, which reduced the effect of disease in the gram and the new growth is also starts.

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Better flowering and growth in Gram(Chickpea)

Name of Farmer:- Om Prakash Patidar

Village:- Panwadi

Tehsil and District:- Shajapur

Farmer shree Om Prakash ji has sown chickpea in 4 acres in which he has sprayed Humic Acid 15gms/pump, which has increased the number of flowers and has increased the plant growth. It is completely soluble in water which increases the availability of vitamin content and the availability of phosphorus in the plant. It stimulates plant growth by accelerating cell division. This increases the rate of growth in the root system, the dry matter increases. Its use has better absorption and utilization of nutrients, which improves the quality of the fruit.

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Fertilizer application for Chickpea

चने की फसल दलहनी होने के कारण इसको नाइट्रोजन की कम आवश्यकता होती है क्योंकि चने के पौधों की जड़ों में ग्रन्थियां पाई जाती है। ग्रन्थियों में उपस्थित जीवाणु वातावरण की नाइट्रोजन का जड़ों में स्थिरीकरण करके पौधे की नाइट्रोजन की पूर्ति कर देती है। लेकिन प्रारम्भिक अवस्था में पौधे की जड़ों में ग्रंन्थियों का पूर्ण विकास न होने के कारण पौधे को भूमि से नाइट्रोजन लेनी होती है। अतः नाइट्रोजन की आपूर्ति हेतु 20 कि.ग्रा. नाइट्रोजन प्रति हैक्टेयर की आवश्यकता होती है। इसके साथ 40 कि.ग्रा. फॉस्फोरस प्रति हैक्टेयर की दर से देना चाहिये। नाइट्रोजन की मात्रा यूरिया या डाई अमोनियम फास्फेट (डीएपी) तथा गोबर खाद व कम्पोस्ट खाद द्वारा दी जा सकती है। जबकि फास्फोरस की आपूर्ति सिंगल सुपर फास्फेट या डीएपी या गोबर व कम्पोस्ट खाद द्वारा की जा सकती है। एकीकृत पोषक प्रबन्धन विधि द्वारा पोषक तत्वों की आपूर्ति करना लाभदायक होता है। एक हैक्टेयर क्षेत्र के लिए 2.50 टन गोबर या कस्पोस्ट खाद को भूमि की तैयारी के समय अच्छी प्रकार से मिट्‌टी में मिला देनी चाहिये। बुवाई के समय 22 कि.ग्रा. यूरिया तथा 125 कि.ग्रा. सिंगल सुपर फास्फेट या 44 कि.ग्रा. डीएपी में 5 किलो ग्राम यूरिया मिलाकर प्रति हैक्टेयर की दर से पंक्तियों में देना पर्याप्त रहता है।

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