High yielding moong varieties in summer

  • Virat, Samrat, Khargone 1, Krishna 11, Jawahar 45, Kopargaon, Mohini (S-8), PS 16, Pusa 105, ML 337,Type 1, Type 4, Type 51, K851, Pusa Baisakhi, PS 10, PS 7, Pant Moong 2, Pant Moong3, ML 267, Pusa 105, ML337, PDM 54, Pant Moong 1, HUM-1, RUM-12, BM-4, PDM-54, JM-72, K-851, PDM-11.

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Harvesting in moong

  • The crop should be harvested when 80-85% of pods have matured.
  • Paraquat @ 800 ml/acre can be sprayed using 150-200 litres of water for drying of crop foliage for combine harvesting of the crop.
  • Harvesting process complete with the help of the sickle.
  • During moong harvesting process do not uproot the plants.

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Control of powdery mildew in moong

  • White powders appear on leaves and other green areas in this disease, which later becomes brown-grey.
  •  In green gram crop, powdery mildew disease is a major problem, to avoid this disease, sowing of moong should be done early in the month of June.
  • Manage the proper space between the plant to promote air circulation.
  • Foliar spray of wettable sulphur 50% WP @ 400 gm/acre or Dinocap 48% EC 300 ml/ acre three time at 10 days interval.

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Control of Aphid in moong

  • Severe infestation can cause leaves and shoots to curl, wilt or yellow and stunted plant growth.
  • The honeydew secreted by the aphid, after secretion they produce many fungal diseases on plant.
  • The development of mold on the leaves indicates this.
  • Optimal conditions for their growth are dry and warm climates.
  • Insecticides containing chlorpyrifos 20% EC @ 400ml/acre.
  • Spry acetamiprid 20% SP @ 40-80 gm/acre
  • Hand-pick the aphids manually from the plant or remove infected plant parts.
  • Do not over-water or over-fertilize.

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Control of pod borer in moong

  • Due to larvae being mature, they cause extensive damage by eating pods from inside.
  • After infection by the pod borer larvae, the pod is desiccated and dried in an early stage.
  • Before sowing, make deep plowing of the field and destroy insects eggs and cocoons in the soil.
  • Selection the short duration varieties of moong for sowing.
  • Maintain a certain distance between moong plants.
  • Spray Chlorpyrifos 20% EC 450 ml/ acre or Indoxacarb 14.5% SC@ 160-200 ml/ acre.
  • Spray solution of Emamectin Benzoate 5% SG@ 100 gm/acre.

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Control of thrips in moong

  • Plants infected with thrips develop spotted appearance on leaves which turn pale-white blotches due to drainage of sap. Due to thrips attack reduces production.
  • For effective control spray profenofos 50% EC 400 ml/acre or fipronil 5% SC 400 ml/acre or thiamethoxam 25% SG 200 gm/acre after every 10 days interval.
  • Spray neem seed kernal extract (NSKE) 5% or triazophos @ 350 ml/acre.

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Seed rate in green gram (Moong)

  • For Kharif season, use seed rate of 8-9 kg/acre whereas for summer season used seed rate of 12-15 kg/acre.

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Suitable soil for green gram (Moong) cultivation

  • Green gram can be grown on a variety of soils ranging from sandy loam to black cotton soils having good drainage capacity.
  • Saline and alkaline soils are not suitable for green gram cultivation.
  • Green gram is very sensitive to waterlogging conditions.

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Sowing time of green gram (moong)

  • The best time for sowing of kharif is the first fortnight of July. The best time for Summer Moong cultivation is from March to April.

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Climatic conditions for green gram (moong) cultivation

  • For cultivation of moong, the climate should be warm and humid and the temperature of 25-35 ℃.
  • Green gram is best suited to areas having an annual rainfall of 60 to 75 cm.
  • The temperature at the time of sowing of moong is considered to be 25-30 ℃.
  • The temperature at the time of harvesting should be 30-35 ℃.
  • Green gram is considered to be hardiest among all pulse crops and can tolerate drought to a great extent.
  • However, water logging and cloudy weather are harmful to the crop.
  • It is grown in all the three seasons in the country.

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