High yielding moong varieties in summer

High yielding moong varieties in summer:- Virat, Samrat, Khargone 1, Krishna 11, Jawahar 45, Kopargaon, Mohini (S-8), PS 16, Pusa 105, ML 337,Type 1, Type 4, Type 51, K851, Pusa Baisakhi,

  • Virat, Samrat, Khargone 1, Krishna 11, Jawahar 45, Kopargaon, Mohini (S-8), PS 16, Pusa 105, ML 337,Type 1, Type 4, Type 51, K851, Pusa Baisakhi, PS 10, PS 7, Pant Moong 2, Pant Moong3, ML 267, Pusa 105, ML337, PDM 54, Pant Moong 1, HUM-1, RUM-12, BM-4, PDM-54, JM-72, K-851, PDM-11.

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Suitable soil for green gram (Moong) cultivation

Suitable soil for green gram (Moong) cultivation:- Green gram can be grown on a variety of soils ranging from sandy loam to black cotton soils having good drainage capacity.

  • Green gram can be grown on a variety of soils ranging from sandy loam to black cotton soils having good drainage capacity.
  • Saline and alkaline soils are not suitable for green gram cultivation.
  • Green gram is very sensitive to waterlogging conditions.

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Sowing time of green gram (moong)

Sowing time of green gram (moong):- The best time for sowing of kharif is the first fortnight of July. The best time for Summer Moong cultivation is from March to April.

  • The best time for sowing of kharif is the first fortnight of July. The best time for Summer Moong cultivation is from March to April.

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Climatic conditions for green gram (moong) cultivation

Climatic conditions for green gram (moong) cultivation:- For cultivation of moong, the climate should be warm and humid and the temperature of 25-35 ℃. Green gram is best suited…

  • For cultivation of moong, the climate should be warm and humid and the temperature of 25-35 ℃.
  • Green gram is best suited to areas having an annual rainfall of 60 to 75 cm.
  • The temperature at the time of sowing of moong is considered to be 25-30 ℃.
  • The temperature at the time of harvesting should be 30-35 ℃.
  • Green gram is considered to be hardiest among all pulse crops and can tolerate drought to a great extent.
  • However, water logging and cloudy weather are harmful to the crop.
  • It is grown in all the three seasons in the country.

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Selection of seed in moong

Selection of seed in moong:-Choose healthy, good quality seeds. Choose the species to produce more yield. Seeds should be disease free.

  • Choose healthy, good quality seeds.
  • Choose the species to produce more yield.
  • Seeds should be disease free.
  • Seed germination should be good.
  • Farmers need to check the germination period, the need for nutrients also.
  • Some seeds are the source of diseases; They should be sown by proper treatment only.

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Land Preparation in Green gram (Moong)

Land Preparation in Green gram (Moong):-To make a kharif crop, a deep plowing should be done with soil reversal solution and after 2-3 years after the weeding by cultivating….

  • To make a kharif crop, a deep plowing should be done with soil reversal solution and after 2-3 years after the weeding by cultivating it with a native solution or cultivator, keep the plates in the field and flatten it.
  • For prevention of termite, the chlorpyriphos 1.5% DP of the powder is 10-15 kg /acre. At the time of preparation of the field should be mixed with soil.
  • For the cultivation of summer moong, immediately after harvesting rabi crops, the farm should be plucked immediately after 4-5 days.
  • After plaque, make 2-3 plough and make the farm flat and fried by placing it with a native solution or cultivator. With this, moisture is preserved in it and seeds get good germination.

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Yellow Mosaic Virus in Legumes crops

Yellow Moisac Virus:- Yellow mosaic virus mainly occurs in soybean, urad, mung and some other crops in kharif season. In the crops such as soybean and

Yellow Moisac Virus:- Yellow mosaic virus mainly occurs in soybean, urad, mung and some other crops in kharif season. In the crops such as soybean and urad, there is considerable loss of disease outbreaks. It has a bad effect on the yield, this disease spreads throughout the farm in 4-5 days and the crop starts falling yellow, the main role in spreading disease is white fly.

The main reasons for the disease Sperading : –

  • This viral disease spreads through the sucking pest and white fly.
  • Seeds not treated properly. Lack of information and drought for a long time also help in spreading the virus.
  • Using over dose of pesticides, mixing the chemicals without proper information and spraying them.
  • Not adopting proper crop cycle by the farmers is the main reason.
  • Not proper sanitation in surrounging field.
  • The white fly sits the cell sap on the leaves of the plants and leaving the saliva the same, the disease outbreak increases.

Plant viruses can be difficult to detect as symptoms look similar to many nutrient deficiencies and vary depending on the age of the plant when infection occurs. Look for:

  • Yellow, white or green stripes/ streaks/ spots on foliage.
  • Wrinkled, curled or small leaves.
  • Pronounced yellowing only of veins.
  • Stunted growth and reduced yields.
  • Infected fruit appears mottled and develops raised “warty” areas

Prevention measures

Mechanical method: –

  • In early stages, remove the infected plants from the field and burn them.
  • To attract the white fly in the field, apply 5-6 yellow sticker trap per hectare.
    Apply the crop of lentils in the form of trap and trap.
  • Sown Marigold as a trap crop a round the field.

Biological Methods:-

  • In the initial stage spray neem oil @ 1-1.5 liters per acre with 200-250 liters of water.

Chemical Method:-

  • 4-5 foliar spray of Dimethoat 30 ml/pump or thaimathoxam 5 gm/pump or Acetamiprid 20% SP 15 gm/pump at 10 days interval.

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Control of White fly in Green Gram

Control of White fly in Green Gram:- Nymph and adults suck the cell sap from the leaves. The affected leaves curl and dry. The affected plants show stuned growth. White flies are also responsible for transmiting yellow vein mosaic virus or leaf curl disease…….

Control of White fly in Green Gram:-

  • Nymph and adults suck the cell sap from the leaves. The affected leaves curl and dry.
  • The affected plants show stuned growth. White flies are also responsible for transmiting yellow vein mosaic virus or leaf curl disease.
  • 4-5 foliar spray of Dimethoat 30 ml/pump or thaimathoxam 5 gm/pump or Acetamiprid 20% SP 15 gm/pump at 10 days interval.

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