Seed Treatment in green gram

  • Before sowing, seed should be treated with Carboxin 37.5 +Thiram 37.5% @ 2.5 gm / kg seed.

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Selection of seed in moong

  • Choose healthy, good quality seeds.
  • Choose the species to produce more yield.
  • Seeds should be disease free.
  • Seed germination should be good.
  • Farmers need to check the germination period, the need for nutrients also.
  • Some seeds are the source of diseases; They should be sown by proper treatment only.

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Land Preparation in Green gram (Moong)

  • To make a kharif crop, a deep plowing should be done with soil reversal solution and after 2-3 years after the weeding by cultivating it with a native solution or cultivator, keep the plates in the field and flatten it.
  • For prevention of termite, the chlorpyriphos 1.5% DP of the powder is 10-15 kg /acre. At the time of preparation of the field should be mixed with soil.
  • For the cultivation of summer moong, immediately after harvesting rabi crops, the farm should be plucked immediately after 4-5 days.
  • After plaque, make 2-3 plough and make the farm flat and fried by placing it with a native solution or cultivator. With this, moisture is preserved in it and seeds get good germination.

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Yellow Mosaic Virus in Legumes crops

Yellow Moisac Virus:- Yellow mosaic virus mainly occurs in soybean, urad, mung and some other crops in kharif season. In the crops such as soybean and urad, there is considerable loss of disease outbreaks. It has a bad effect on the yield, this disease spreads throughout the farm in 4-5 days and the crop starts falling yellow, the main role in spreading disease is white fly.

The main reasons for the disease Sperading : –

  • This viral disease spreads through the sucking pest and white fly.
  • Seeds not treated properly. Lack of information and drought for a long time also help in spreading the virus.
  • Using over dose of pesticides, mixing the chemicals without proper information and spraying them.
  • Not adopting proper crop cycle by the farmers is the main reason.
  • Not proper sanitation in surrounging field.
  • The white fly sits the cell sap on the leaves of the plants and leaving the saliva the same, the disease outbreak increases.

Plant viruses can be difficult to detect as symptoms look similar to many nutrient deficiencies and vary depending on the age of the plant when infection occurs. Look for:

  • Yellow, white or green stripes/ streaks/ spots on foliage.
  • Wrinkled, curled or small leaves.
  • Pronounced yellowing only of veins.
  • Stunted growth and reduced yields.
  • Infected fruit appears mottled and develops raised “warty” areas

Prevention measures

Mechanical method: –

  • In early stages, remove the infected plants from the field and burn them.
  • To attract the white fly in the field, apply 5-6 yellow sticker trap per hectare.
    Apply the crop of lentils in the form of trap and trap.
  • Sown Marigold as a trap crop a round the field.

Biological Methods:-

  • In the initial stage spray neem oil @ 1-1.5 liters per acre with 200-250 liters of water.

Chemical Method:-

  • 4-5 foliar spray of Dimethoat 30 ml/pump or thaimathoxam 5 gm/pump or Acetamiprid 20% SP 15 gm/pump at 10 days interval.

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Control of White fly in Green Gram

Control of White fly in Green Gram:-

  • Nymph and adults suck the cell sap from the leaves. The affected leaves curl and dry.
  • The affected plants show stuned growth. White flies are also responsible for transmiting yellow vein mosaic virus or leaf curl disease.
  • 4-5 foliar spray of Dimethoat 30 ml/pump or thaimathoxam 5 gm/pump or Acetamiprid 20% SP 15 gm/pump at 10 days interval.

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Irrigation in Moong (Green Gram)

Irrigation in Moong (Green Gram):- Moong is mainly grown as a kharif crop. If needed provide irrigation depending upon the climatic conditions.  For summer season crop, three to five irrigations are required depending upon soil type and climatic condition. For good yield stop irrigation 55 days after sowing.

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Some Information of Moong Cultivation

Green gram also known as moong is one of the main pulse crop of India. It is a rich source of Protein along with fibre and iron. It can be cultivated as Kharif as well as summer crop. It can be cultivated on wide range of soil. Gives best result when grown on well drained loamy to sandy-loam soils. Saline and water logged soils are not suitable for cultivation.

Time of sowing
Optimum time for kharif sowing is first fortnight of July. Optimum time for summer moong cultivation is from Second fortnight of February to April.

Spacing
Use row spacing of 30 cm and plant to plant spacing of 10 cm for Kharif sowing. For Summer sowing use row spacing of 22.5 cm and plant to plant spacing of 7 cm.

Sowing Depth
Sow seeds at depth of 4-6 cm.

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