Thrips control in tomato

Thrips control in tomato:- Plants infected with thrips develop spotted appearance on leaves which turn pale-white blotches due to drainage of sap. Due to thrips attack reduces production.

  • Plants infected with thrips develop spotted appearance on leaves which turn pale-white blotches due to drainage of sap. Due to thrips attack reduces production.
  • For effective control, spray Profenofos 3 Ml/litre of Water or fipronil 5% SC 3 ml/litre of Water or Thiamethoxam 0.5 Gm/litre of Water after every 10 days interval.

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Control measures of thrips in muskmelon

Control measures of thrips in muskmelon:- Both adults and nymphs damage the crop lacerate the leaf tissue and suck the sap. Tender shoots, buds, and flowers are attacked…

  • Both adults and nymphs damage the crop lacerate the leaf tissue and suck the sap.
  • Tender shoots, buds, and flowers are attacked as a result they become twisted and deformed, upward curling of leaves.
  • Spray Dimethoate 30% EC @ 250 ml/acre or Profenophos 50% EC @ 400 ml/acre or Fipronil 5% SC @ 400 ml/acre at fortnightly interval.
  • Pesticide spraying should be changed at every 15 days interval.

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Control measures of aphids in Watermelon

Control measures of aphid in Watermelon:- The affected plants have to be uprooted and destroyed to prevent the spread of the disease.

  • The affected plants have to be uprooted and destroyed to prevent the spread of the disease.
  • For effective control of aphid fortnightly spray of acephate 75 % SP @ 300- 400 gm / acre or Imidacloprid 17.8% SL @100 ml /acre or acetamiprid 20% SP @ 150-200 gm/ acre.

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Stem gall fly management in snake gourd

Stem gall fly management in snake gourd:- Maggots bore into the distal shoot and form galls. Adult:  slender dark brown mosquito-like fly.

  • Maggots bore into the distal shoot and form galls.
  • Adult:  slender dark brown mosquito-like fly. 
  • Spray any following insecticides.
  • Dimethoate 30% EC 250 ml/Acre
  • Dichlorvos 76% EC @ 250 ml/Acre

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Management of fruit fly in bottle gourd

Management of fruit fly in bottle gourd:- Collect and destroy infested fruits. To prevent egg laying, fly traps(pheromone trap) can be set up in the field with 1% Methyl Eugenol or Citronella oil or Vinegar or Dextrose or Acetic acid or Lactic acid.

  • The maggot burrows into the fruits and sucks the sap.
  • Infested fruits decay and drop.
  • The fly mainly prefers tender fruits for egg laying.
  • Ovipositional punctures caused by adults also cause injury on fruits and fruit juices oozes out.
  • Collect and destroy infested fruits.
  • To prevent egg laying, fly traps(pheromone trap) can be set up in the field with 1% Methyl Eugenol or Citronella oil or Vinegar or Dextrose or Acetic acid or Lactic acid.
  • Cover developing fruits with paper or polythene cover immediately after anthesis pollination.
  • Maize plants grown in rows at a distance of 8-10 cm in cucurbit field is effective as flies rest on such tall plants.
  • Soil incorporation of Carbaryl 10 % dust can be made in fruit fly endemic areas.
  • Deep ploughing to expose hibernating stages.
  • spray dichlorvos 76% EC 250 to 500ml /acer

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Control of aphid in bitter gourd

Control of aphid in bitter gourd:-The affected plants have to be uprooted and destroyed to prevent the spread of the disease.

  • The affected plants have to be uprooted and destroyed to prevent the spread of the disease.
  • For effective control of aphid fortnightly spray of acephate 75 % SP @ 300- 400 gm / acre or Imidacloprid 17.8% SL @ 100 ml /acre or acetamiprid 20% SP @ 150-200 gm/ acre.

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Management of mosaic virus in bottle gourd

Management of mosaic virus in bottle gourd:-Plants go fully dry. Foliage is covered in distinctive yellow mosaic. Leaves of plant curl downwards and leaf size smaller than normal. Fruits become

Plants go fully dry. Foliage is covered in distinctive yellow mosaic. Leaves of plant curl downwards and leaf size smaller than normal. Fruits become distorted and are small in size. Transmitted by aphids.

Management

  • Removing weeds and diseased plants from fields can reduce the chance of infection.
  • The use of resistance variety in another way some farmers control virus spread.
  • Vector control by using systemic insecticide- Imidacloprid (17.8% SL) @ 100-120 ml/acre or Acephate (75% SP) @ 140-200 g /acre.                   

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Control of Aphids on Bitter Gourd

Control of Aphids on Bitter Gourd:-The affected parts turn yellow, get curled, wrinkle and deformed in shape and ultimately dry and die away.

  • The affected parts turn yellow, get curled, wrinkle and deformed in shape and ultimately dry and die away.
  • Spray dimethoate 30 ml per pump or Imidacloprid 17.8% SL 10 ml per pump at fortnightly intervals.

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Control of Leaf Hopper and Jassid in Snake gourd

Control of Leaf Hopper and jassid in Snake gourd:- Nymphs and adults are sucking the cell sap of leaves of snake gourd vines causing typical hopper burn symptoms…..

  • Nymphs and adults are sucking the cell sap of leaves of snake gourd vines causing typical hopper burn symptoms.
  • Initially, leaf margins turn yellow in colour and finally dry off. Fruit size and quality are also reduced.
  • Soil application of Carbofuran 3 G @ 10 Kg/acre at the time of sowing.
  • Spray Profenophos 50% EC @ 400 Ml/acre or Acetamiprid 20% WP @ 80 gm/acre at fortnightly intervals starting with the appearance of the jassid.
  • Prophylactic spray of Neem oil-garlic mixture at fortnightly intervals is advantageous for avoiding pest incidence.

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Control measures of thrips in watermelon

Control measures of thrips in watermelon:- Both adults and nymphs damage the crop lacerate the leaf tissue and suck the sap. Tender shoots, buds, and flowers are attacked

  • Both adults and nymphs damage the crop lacerate the leaf tissue and suck the sap.
  • Tender shoots, buds, and flowers are attacked as a result they become twisted and deformed, upward curling of leaves.
  • Spray Dimethoate 30% EC @ 250 ml/acre or Profenophos 50% EC @ 400 ml/acre or Fipronil 5% SC @ 400 ml/acre at fortnightly interval.
  • Pesticide spraying should be changed at every 15 days interval.

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