How to Take care of insect pests & diseases at bud initiation stage of mungbean

    • Pest and disease control is also important if one wants to achieve high production.
    • The loss in the production caused by pest and diseases may reach up to 70% depending upon the severity of the attack.
    • In the summer season, During bud initiation, mungbean may be infested by pod borer, tobacco caterpillar, etc.
    • Mung bean, just like any other legume crop, it is highly susceptible to diseases caused by fungi, bacteria, and viruses. On different growing stages of leaves, stems and roots symptoms can be seen like yellowing, blight and root rot.
    • For Pest control Monocrotophos 36% SL @ 300 ml/acre, Emamectin Benzoate 5% SG @ 100 gm/acre (for Gram pod borer) and Flubendiamide 20% WG @ 100gm/acre OR  Indoxacarb 14.5% SC @ 160-200ml/acre (for tobacco caterpillar).
    • For Disease control, use carbendazim 50% WP @ 300 gram/acre (for blight) and Thiophenate Methyle 70% WP @ 250-300 gram/acre.

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Management of stem fly in the mungbean

  • Damage in yield by the stem fly in the mungbean crop has been reported to be  24-37%.
  • In India Stem fly infestation during the germination stage is predominant affecting crop produce posing a serious concern.
  • As this pest attacks during the initial stage of germination which is generally 4 weeks after sowing, this infestation results in wilting of leaves leading to crop loss.
  • Foliar spray of imidacloprid 17.8% SL @ 100 ml/acre OR Bifenthrin 10% EC @ 300 ml per acre may be sprayed to control stem fly.

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Control of powdery mildew in moong

  • White powders appear on leaves and other green areas in this disease, which later becomes brown-grey.
  •  In green gram crop, powdery mildew disease is a major problem, to avoid this disease, sowing of moong should be done early in the month of June.
  • Manage the proper space between the plant to promote air circulation.
  • Foliar spray of wettable sulphur 50% WP @ 400 gm/acre or Dinocap 48% EC 300 ml/ acre three time at 10 days interval.

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Seed rate in green gram (Moong)

  • For Kharif season, use seed rate of 8-9 kg/acre whereas for summer season used seed rate of 12-15 kg/acre.

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