Control of Powdery Mildew of muskmelon

Control of Powdery Mildew of muskmelon:- White to dirty gray spots or patches appear on leaves which become white powdery as they enlarge.

  • White to dirty gray spots or patches appear on leaves which become white powdery as they enlarge.
  • Fortnightly spray hexaconazole 5% SC @ 300 ml per acre or thiophanate methyl 70% WP @ 400 gm per acre.

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Downy mildew control in muskmelon

Downy mildew control in muskmelon:- Water soaked lesions appear on undersurface of leaf lamina. Angular spots appear on upper surface similar to water-soaked lesions….

  • Water soaked lesions appear on undersurface of leaf lamina.
  • Angular spots appear on upper surface similar to water-soaked lesions.
  • Lesions appear first on the older leaves and progressively on the younger leaves.
  • As the lesions expand, they may remain yellow or become dry and brown.
  • Affected vines do not set fruit properly.
  • Plucking and destroy of affected leaves.
  • Spray with Mancozeb 75% WP @ 350-400 gm/acre or Chlorothalonil 75% WP @ 200-250 gm/ acre.
  • Crop rotation and sanitation reduces the severity of the disease.

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How to improve flowering in muskmelon

How to improve flowering in muskmelon:- We can promote flowering and takes high yield through given below products. Spray Homobrassinolide 0.04% W/w 100-120 ml/acre.

  • We can promote flowering and takes high yield through given below products.
  • Spray Homobrassinolide 0.04% W/w 100-120 ml/acre.
  • Apply seaweed extract 180-200 ml/acre.
  • Use multi-Micro nutrients 300 Gm/acre.

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Control measures of thrips in muskmelon

Control measures of thrips in muskmelon:- Both adults and nymphs damage the crop lacerate the leaf tissue and suck the sap. Tender shoots, buds, and flowers are attacked…

  • Both adults and nymphs damage the crop lacerate the leaf tissue and suck the sap.
  • Tender shoots, buds, and flowers are attacked as a result they become twisted and deformed, upward curling of leaves.
  • Spray Dimethoate 30% EC @ 250 ml/acre or Profenophos 50% EC @ 400 ml/acre or Fipronil 5% SC @ 400 ml/acre at fortnightly interval.
  • Pesticide spraying should be changed at every 15 days interval.

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Pinching in muskmelon

Pinching in muskmelon:- Pinches are made to prevent overgrowth of muskmelon from the plant. When there is enough fruit on the oxen of muskmelon…..

  • Pinches are made to prevent overgrowth of muskmelon from the plant.
  • When there is enough fruit on the oxen of muskmelon, then there should be a solution to pinch, which can prevent the bull from failing.
  • Pinching and cutting of unwanted wounds result in good nutrition for the fruit and the development of the fruits is good.

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Advantage of azotobacter in muskmelon

Advantage of azotobacter in muskmelon:- Azotobacter spp. is the free-living nitrogen-fixing aerobic bacterium.
Improve seed germination percentage.

  • Azotobacter spp. is the free-living nitrogen-fixing aerobic bacterium.
  • Improve seed germination percentage.
  • Increase number & length of shoot and root.
  • Help to fix nitrogen from atmosphere in a continuous process.
  • Reduce 20% to 25 % Nitrogenous fertilizer requirements.
  • Reduction in disease incidence.

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Maturity index in muskmelon

Maturity index in muskmelon:-Fruits will be ready for picking in about 110 days depending upon variety.
The fruits when mature slips out easily from the vine with little pressure or jerk

  • Fruits will be ready for picking in about 110 days depending upon variety.
  • The fruits when mature slips out easily from the vine with little pressure or jerk or if not it will remain separated from the vine next day.
  • This is called full slip stage.
  • In some Indian cultivars, green stripes on the skin begin to turn yellow during maturity.

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Fertilizer requirements in muskmelon

Fertilizer requirements in muskmelon:- Apply well-rotted FYM/ compost @ 10-15 t/acre at the time of land preparation and mix well with the soil.

  • Apply well-rotted FYM/ compost @ 10-15 t/acre at the time of land preparation and mix well with the soil.
  • Use urea 110 kg, single super phosphate 155 kg, and muriate of potash 40 kg per acre.
  • Before sowing the seeds, add the full amount of SSP, Muriate of Potash, and one-third of urea.
  • Use the remaining amount of urea near the roots, and away from touching the stem and mix well in the soil during the initial development period.
  • When the crop is 10-15 days old, then sprinkle with good quality as well as 19:19:19 + micronutrient @ 2-3g / liters of water for good growth of the crop.

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Irrigation Schedule in Muskmelon

Irrigation Schedule in Muskmelon:- Muskmelon responds very much to irrigation but it can not withstand waterlogged condition. Irrigate the field before dibbling the seeds and thereafter once in a week.

  • Muskmelon responds very much to irrigation but it can not withstand waterlogged condition.
  • Irrigate the field before dibbling the seeds and thereafter once in a week.
  • It is generally cultivated as a spring-summer crop in which frequency of irrigation is very important.
  • Soil moisture stress during pre-flowering, flowering, and fruit development stage drastically reduce yield.
  • Irrigation should be stopped during ripening as it adversely affects fruit quality and promotes fruit cracking.
  • Frequently irrigation promotes diseases on the plants for the controlling diseases control measure may be applied.

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