Harvesting of muskmelon

  • Depending on the variety and agro-climate, melon will be ready to peak fruit in about 110 days.
  • The phase of maturity is usually identified with the outer colour change of the fruit, and if the peel becomes soft, Ripe fruit is easily removed from the vine.
  • The melon is harvested by hand.

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Irrigation management in muskmelon

  • During summer, irrigate the crop every week.
  • The irrigation should be as light as possible.
  • At the time of fruit maturity water should be given when it is very necessary.
  • Overflooding should be avoided as the fruit oncoming contact with moist soil gets spoiled.

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Sowing and seed rate in muskmelon

  • Dubbing method and transplantation method is used for sowing melon.
  • Sow the melon seeds on a 3-4 meter wide bed.
  • Sow two seeds together and keep a distance of 60 cm between beds.
  • Insert the seed at depth of about 1.5 cm.
  • For sowing in one acre land 300- 400 gm seeds are required.

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Control of fusarium wilt in muskmelon

  • Muskmelon plants get infected early in the season and they do not produce more fruit.
  • The first signs of fusarium wilt appear on older leaves. Leaves are yellowing and dry. The symptoms of this disease are most clearly seen during the heat of the day.
  • Brown cracks are visible in the stem, from which the brown red-coloured exudate.
  • Use the disease-free seed for sowing.
  • Plough the fields deep, destroy the weeds and make proper drainage.
  • For the effective control of fusarium wilt use the Propiconazole 25% EC @ 200 ml/acre or thiophanate-methyl 70 % WP @ 250-500 gm/acre.

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Control of aphid in muskmelon

  • The affected plants have to be uprooted and destroyed to prevent the spread of the disease.
  • For effective control of aphid fortnightly spray of acephate 75% SP @ 300-400 gm/acre or Imidacloprid 17.8% SL @ 100 ml/acre or acetamiprid 20% SP @ 150-200 gm/ acre.

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Weed management in muskmelon

  • The problem of weeds in the muskmelon crop, the main reason for the low production, because it competes for the place, water, and nutrients with the crop in the field.
  • To adequately control the weeds, plough only as deep as necessary.
  • Sowing time is also very important.
  • Deep-rooted weeds should be thrown out by ploughing, hoeing or pulling by hands.
  • polyethylene mulching is a good idea to avoid the problem of weed in muskmelon field.

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Control of Powdery Mildew of muskmelon

  • White to dirty gray spots or patches appear on leaves which become white powdery as they enlarge.
  • Fortnightly spray hexaconazole 5% SC @ 300 ml per acre or thiophanate methyl 70% WP @ 400 gm per acre.

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Downy mildew control in muskmelon

  • Water soaked lesions appear on undersurface of leaf lamina.
  • Angular spots appear on upper surface similar to water-soaked lesions.
  • Lesions appear first on the older leaves and progressively on the younger leaves.
  • As the lesions expand, they may remain yellow or become dry and brown.
  • Affected vines do not set fruit properly.
  • Plucking and destroy of affected leaves.
  • Spray with Mancozeb 75% WP @ 350-400 gm/acre or Chlorothalonil 75% WP @ 200-250 gm/ acre.
  • Crop rotation and sanitation reduces the severity of the disease.

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How to improve flowering in muskmelon

  • We can promote flowering and takes high yield through given below products.
  • Spray Homobrassinolide 0.04% W/w 100-120 ml/acre.
  • Apply seaweed extract 180-200 ml/acre.
  • Use multi-Micro nutrients 300 Gm/acre.

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Control measures of thrips in muskmelon

  • Both adults and nymphs damage the crop lacerate the leaf tissue and suck the sap.
  • Tender shoots, buds, and flowers are attacked as a result they become twisted and deformed, upward curling of leaves.
  • Spray Dimethoate 30% EC @ 250 ml/acre or Profenophos 50% EC @ 400 ml/acre or Fipronil 5% SC @ 400 ml/acre at fortnightly interval.
  • Pesticide spraying should be changed at every 15 days interval.

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