Thrips control in tomato

Thrips control in tomato:- Plants infected with thrips develop spotted appearance on leaves which turn pale-white blotches due to drainage of sap. Due to thrips attack reduces production.

  • Plants infected with thrips develop spotted appearance on leaves which turn pale-white blotches due to drainage of sap. Due to thrips attack reduces production.
  • For effective control, spray Profenofos 3 Ml/litre of Water or fipronil 5% SC 3 ml/litre of Water or Thiamethoxam 0.5 Gm/litre of Water after every 10 days interval.

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Picking of Tomato

Picking of Tomato: Picking depends upon the purpose for which they are used. Four maturity stages are generally identified.

Picking depends upon the purpose for which they are used. Four maturity stages are generally identified.

  • Green stage: The mature green fruits are generally picked to send them to the distant market.
  • Pink Stage: At this stage, colour turns to pink or red at the blossom end. They are picked for local market.
  • Ripe stage: At this stage surface of most of the fruits is red and the softening of fruits begins.
  • Fully Ripe: At this stage, fruits have approached maximum colour development and are soft. Starch is charged into sugars. They are generally consumed or used for canning and processing.

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How to improve flowering in tomato

How to improve flowering in tomato:- The flowering stage is most important in tomato. The flowering play a vital role in the production of tomato.

  • We can promote flowering and takes high yield through given below products.
  • Spray Homobrassinolide 0.04% W/w 100-120 ml/acre.
  • Apply seaweed extract 180-200 ml/acre.
  • Use multi-Micro nutrients 300 gm/acre.

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Control of leaf curl disease in tomato

Control of leaf curl disease in tomato:- Curling of leaves, reduction in leaf size, excessive branching and stunted plant growth takes place….

  • Curling of leaves, reduction in leaf size, excessive branching and stunted plant growth takes place.
  • Older leaves become leathery and brittle. Rouge out the infected plants.
  • Sow 5-6 rows of barrier crops like maize, jowar or bajra around main tomato field at least 2 months before transplanting seedling in the field.
  • The disease can be checked by control of vector (whitefly) by spraying the crop with dimethoate 30% EC @ 300 ml/acre at fortnight interval.

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Advantages of PSB in Tomato

Advantages of PSB in Tomato:-Increase micronutrients availability to plant from the soil like Mn, Mg, Fe, Mo, B, Zn and Cu in addition to P2O5. Encourage faster root growth for water and nutrient uptake.

  • Increase micronutrients availability to plant from the soil like Mn, Mg, Fe, Mo, B, Zn and Cu in addition to P2O5.
  • Encourage faster root growth for water and nutrient uptake.
  • PSB produce organic acids like malic, succinic, fumaric, citric, tartaric acid and acetic acid which fasten the P2O5 uptake, maturity and increase yield.
  • Increase resistance towards diseases and drought tolerance due to rapid cell development in the plants.
  • Reduce 25 – 30% phosphatic fertilizer requirement.

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Nutrient management in tomato

Nutrient management in tomato:- Apply well-rotted FYM / compost @ 6-8 tonnes/acre at the time of land preparation and mix well with the soil. Apply  DAP@ 70kg,  Urea @ 105kg…

  • Apply well rotted FYM / compost @ 6-8 tonnes/acre at the time of land preparation and mix well with the soil.
  • Apply  DAP@ 70kg,  Urea @ 105kg, muriate of potash @ 50 kg/acre.
  • One-fourth of nitrogen and half of potash may be applied 20-30 days after planting.  
  • Borax @ 4 kg and Zinc sulphate @ 20 kg/acre as basal dose and 30 kg Urea/acre on 30th day after planting.

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Irrigation in Tomato

Irrigation in Tomato:-The crop should be irrigated at 8-12 days interval. In summer, more frequent irrigation at 3-4 days interval is required. Generally, open furrow method of irrigation is followed.

  • The crop should be irrigated at 8-12 days interval.
  • In summer, more frequent irrigation at 3-4 days interval is required.
  • Generally, open furrow method of irrigation is followed.
  • Water stress at flowering stage will adversely affect fruiting and productivity.

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Nutrient management of Tomato

Nutrient management of Tomato:-Tomato needs a heavy dose of fertilizers for a good yield. Farmyard manure @ 8-10 tonnes/Acre may be incorporated into the soil one month before transplanting.

  • Tomato needs a heavy dose of fertilizers for a good yield.
  • Farmyard manure @ 8-10 tonnes/Acre may be incorporated into the soil one month before transplanting.
  • DAP 50 kg/Acre, Urea 80 kg/Acre and MOP 33 kg/Acre.
  • Full amount of DAP, MOP and half of Urea are to be added just before transplanting.
  • Rest of the Urea is to be given as a second dose at 20-25 days after transplanting, and third dose is given at 45-60 days after transplanting.
  • Zinc sulphate application (Znso4@10 kg/Acre) and Boron 4 Kg/Acre increases yield as well as improves the quality of fruit.

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Sowing time Suitable of Tomato Cultivation-

Sowing time Suitable of Tomato Cultivation:- Tomato is a day-neutral plant so wildly it found grown in any season. Tomato can grow all seasons.eg-kharif, rabi, zaid. But due to frost tomato cannot be grown in the rabi season.

  • Tomato is a day-neutral plant so wildly it found grown in any season.
  • Tomato can grow all seasons.eg-kharif, rabi, zaid.
  • But due to frost tomato cannot be grown in the rabi season.
  • The Kharif crop is transplanted in July, rabi crop in October – November and Zaid crop in February months.

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Management of Root Knot Nematodes in Tomato

Root Knot Nematode in Tomato:- The nematode attacks the roots and produces tiny galls. The infested plants show symptoms of withering and wilting of leaves.
The block the movement of nutrients and water in the plant system and subjected to wilt and finally leads to death…….

Root Knot Nematode in Tomato:-

Damage:-

  • The nematode attacks the roots and produces tiny galls.
  • The infested plants show symptoms of withering and wilting of leaves.
  • The block the movement of nutrients and water in the plant system and subjected to wilt and finally leads to death.
  • Growth of the plant is stunted fruiting capacity adversely affected.
  • Yellow of the foliage and wilting of the upper leaves occurs.

Control:-

  • Use resistant varieties.
  • Do use deep summer ploughing to control root-knot nematode.
  • Neem cake at the rate 80 Kg/Acre should be applied for effective control.
  • Carbofuran 3G at the rate 8 kg/acre should be applied as soil treatment.
  • Paecilomyces lilacinus-1% WP @ 10 g / kg seed for seed treatment, 50 gm / meter sq Nursery Treatment, 2.5 to 5 kg/ Hectare Soil application.

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