Land Preparation For Tomato

Land Preparation forTomato:-

  • The field is ploughed to fine tilth by giving four to five ploughing with a sufficient interval between two ploughing.
  • Well decomposed FYM (15-20 tonnes/ha.) is thoroughly incorporated at the time of land preperation.
  • Total P & K and third of nitrogen can be applied basally.

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Staking in Tomato

Staking in Tomato:-

  • It is done 2-3 weeks after transplanting.
  • For indeterminate type of tomato, two or three wires are stretched parallel to each other along the row palnts are loosely tied to these wires or other horizontal stakes.
  • The timely stakes plants produce and maintain better quality fruits.

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Control of Early Blight of Tomato

  • The fungus attacks the foliage causing characteristics leaf spots and blight.
  • Small, isolated, scattered pore brown spot appear on the leaf.
  • Fully developed spots are irregular, brown, to dark brown in colour and with concentric ring (2-5mm ) inside the spot.
  • Symptoms start from the lowest leaves and progress upward.

Control:-

  • Spray 2 g Mancozeb 75 WP + 10 g urea per litre of water at 15 days interval when symptoms start or Carbendazim 12%+ Mancozeb 63% WP @ 50 Gm/15 litre water or Copper oxychloride 50% WP@ 50 Gm/ 15 litre water.

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Control of Powdery mildew in Tomato

It is caused by the fungus Leveillulataurica. Initially light green to bright yellow spots appear on the upper surface of the leaves. A light powdery covering is visible on the leaves and green leaves turn yellow in colour and rot. For effective control, spray Hexaconazole 5% SC @ 30 ml/ 15 litre water or sulphur 80% WDG @ 50 Gm/15 litre Water.

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Control of Red spider mite in Tomato

Mites are very minute. Their nymphs and adults suck the cell sap from lower side of leaves. For effective control, spraying Propargite 57% EC @ 50 ml/15 litre water or dicofol 18.5 EC @ 30 ml/15 litre water or sulphur 80 % WDG @ 50 g/15 Litre water or spiromesifen 45.2% oz @ 15 ml/15 litre water.

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Calcium deficiency in tomato

Twice spray of calcium EDTA @ 15 Gm/ 15 litre of water at time of appear deficiency symptoms.

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Control of leaf miner in Tomato

Leaf miner is the major pest in Tomato crop that causes damage in early stage. to control leaf miner in Tomato, spraying of traizofos 40% EC @ 40 Ml/ 15 litre water or Cartap hydrochloride 50% SP @ 25 Gm/15 litre water should be done.

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Control of Bacterial leaf spot disease in Tomato

The disease heavily reduces the yields. For effective control, spray Streptomycin Sulphate I.P. 90% w/w Tetracycline Hydrochloride 10% w/w @ 2 Gm/ 15 litre Water or Kasugamycin 3% SL @ 40ml / 15 litre water + Copper oxychloride 50% WP @ 40 Gm/15 litre water on the appearance of initial symptoms of disease.

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