Pulse beetle management in gram

  • The population of Pulse beetle has been observed rapidly after 60 days of stored granular storage period.
  • Due to the initial loss due to transplantation of beetle in gram, 87.23% seed damage and 37.15% weight loss were observed within 120 days of storage.
  • In various oils and plant products tested, Neem and castor oil @ 6 ml/kg seed proved effective for four months of storage.
  • Coat the seed with small quantities of vegetable oil or mix neem leaves in the stored grain.
  • Dip jute bag in 10% Malathion solution.
  • use airtight storage structure.
  • Fumigation with aluminum phosphide protects the seed without affecting the viability.

Like and share with other farmers by clicking on button below.

7
Share

Control of Root Aphid in Wheat

  • This insect is active from November to February.
  • Damage is more in rainfed and late sown crop.
  • Yellowing of young plants is observed due to root aphids. In this case minute yellowish brown aphids may be present near the base or on the roots of the plant.
  • Aphids also vector a viral disease named barley yellow dwarf virus (BYD). Yield of infected wheat plants can be reduced by 50%.

Control-

  • Avoid late sowing.
  • Avoid use excess nitrogen fertilizers.
  • If the infestation in standing crop, Spray imidacloprid 17.8% SL @ 60-70 ml/acre.
  • Or apply thiamethoxam 25% WG @ 100 gm/acre in soil with fertilizer/Sand/soil before irrigation.

Like and share with other farmers by clicking on button below

65
Share

How to control Armyworm/ Cutworm in Wheat

    • The primary symptom is defoliation of the plant.
    • Larvae feed on the leaves, chewing from the edges to the midrib, or on the head of cereal plants.
    • Heavy infestations can be very destructive; larvae may climb the plant. Some species may be found feeding at the soil surface, others, underground feeding on roots, and then there are some who feed inside the stem.
    • The armyworm feeds during dawn and dusk period as it is actually shy of sunlight.


    Management –

    • Look for larvae and signs of damage beginning in early spring. Caterpillars will often be found feeding on the undersides of leaves and on fresh growth. Handpick the worms you discover and don’t be tempted to crush them between your thumbs. Instead, drop them in a bucket of soapy water. 
    • Use 4-5 bird perches to attract birds.
    • Spray Emamectin Benzoate 5% SG @ 100 Gm per acre.
    • Spray fipronil 5% SC @ 400 ml per acre.

Like and share with other farmers by clicking on button below

38
Share

Management of Leaf Roll Virus in Potato

Management of Leaf Roll Virus in Potato:-

  • The disease is managed by using virus-free seed potatoes.
  • Multiplying virus-free seed in aphid free areas.
  • Population of aphid vectors is controlled by application of suitable contact/systemic insecticides.
  • For effictive control of aphid, Spray Acetamiprid 20% SP @ 10 Gm/ 15 Litre water or Imidacloprid 17.8% SL @ 10 Ml/15 Litre water.

Like and share with other farmers by clicking on button below.

29
Share

Management of Termites in Wheat

Management of Termites in Wheat:-

  • Termites damage the crop soon after sowing and sometimes near maturity.
  • They feed on roots, stems of growing plants, even dead tissues of plant feeding on cellulose.
  • The damaged plants dry up completely and are easily pulled out.
  • The plants damaged at later stages give rise to white ears.
  • Infestation is heavy under unirrigated conditions and in the fields where un-decomposed farmyard manure is applied before sowing.

Management –

  • Apply deep ploughing before sowing.
  • Use well rotten FYM in field.
  • Fill kerosine in mound of termite.
  • The seed should be treated with Chlorpyriphos (20% EC) @ 5 ml/kg of seed before sowing.
  • Broadcast Chlorpyriphos (20% EC)@ 1 litre/Acre with any fertilizer.

Like and share with other farmers by clicking on button below

74
Share

Do’s and Don’ts for Brinjal Cultivation

Do’s and Don’ts for Brinjal Cultivation:- 

Do’s

  • Timely sowing.
  • Field sanitation.
  • Apply pesticides only when required.
  • Wash brinjal before consumption.

Don’ts

  • Don’t apply more than the recommended dose of the pesticide.
  • Don’t repeat the same pesticide consecutively.
  • Don’t apply mixture of pesticides.
  • Don’t apply highly hazardous insecticides like monocrotophos in vegetables.
  • Don’t apply pesticides just before harvesting.
  • Don’t consume produce till 3-4 days after application of pesticides.

Like and share with other farmers by clicking on button below

18
Share

Aphids Attack in Chilli Crop

Aphids Attack in Chilli Crop:-

  • Nymphs and adults are both soft bodied pear shaped, blackish in colour.
  • Appear on the tender shoots, leaves and on the lower surface of the leaves.
  • Suck the sap and reduce the vigor of the plant.
  • Secrete sweet substances which attract ants and develop sooty mold.

Control:-Spray the crop with Following insecticides at 15-20 days interval till the end of aphid population checked.

  1. Profenofos 50% EC @ 50 ml/ Pump.
  2. Acetamiprid 20 SP @ 10 gm/Pump.
  3. Imidacloprid 17.8% SL @ 7 ml/pump.
  4. Fipronil 5% SC @ 40 ml/Pump.

Like and share with other farmers by clicking on button below

74
Share

Management of Thrips in Cotton

Management of Thrips in Cotton:-

Nature of Damage of Thrips:-

  • Nymphs and adults lacerate the tissue and suck the sap from the upper and lower surfaces of leaves.They inject saliva and suck the lysed contents of plant cells resulting in silvery or brown necrotic spots.
  • Seedlings infested with thrips grow slow and the leaves become wrinkled curl upwards and distorted with white shiny patches.
  • Rusty appearances in patches develop on under surface of leaves.
  • Higher infestation during vegetative crop growth results in late bud formation.
  • During the fruiting phase there is premature dropping of squares and the crop maturity is delayed combined with yield reduction.
  • The feeding by thrips on the developing bolls late in the season cause spots or wounds on the ripening of the ball or the quality of the seed.

Management:-

  • Seed treatment – Imidacloprid 60 FS @ 10 ml/kg or thiamethoxam 70 WS @ 5 g/kg seeds applied as seed treatment are efficient in suppressing the population of other sucking pest on cotton seedling.
  • Maintaining weed free conditions in cotton field from the spread of development of thrips.
  • Insecticidal options should be made when thrips infection results in high grade injury during clear sky period with no anticipated rains.
  • Spray of NSKE prepared on farm or crude neem oil spray @ 75 ml per pump suppress thrips population during pre squaring crop stage in both cases detergent / soap powder @ 1 gm / litre of spray fluid is to be added for getting uniform spray suspension.
  • Chemical Spray:- Spray any one Following insecticide.
  1. Profenofos 50% EC @ 50 ml/ Pump.
  2. Acetamiprid 20 SP @ 15 gm/Pump.
  3. Imidacloprid 17.8% SL @ 7 ml/pump.
  4. Thiamethoxam 25% WG @ 5 gm/pump.
  5. Fipronil 5% SC @ 40 ml/Pump.

Like and share with other farmers by clicking on button below

119
Share

Management of melon worm in watermelon

  • Caterpillars feed on leaves and flowers.
  • Sometimes they bore into the developing fruit.
  • Before planting watermelon for effective control, cultivate deep in the field and destroy the cocoon of insect.
  • Determine the time of sowing, according to the number of this pest which is less heat during the summer season.
  • Properly manage the weeds.
  • Spray cypermethrin 10% EC @ 350-500 ml/acre.
  • Or spray Fipronil 5% SC @ 250-300 ml/acre

Like and share with other farmers by clicking on the button below.

4
Share

Control of fruit fly in snake gourd

  • The maggots burrow into the fruits and suck the sap.
  • Infested fruits decay and drop.
  • The fly mainly prefers tender fruits for egg laying.
  • Ovipositional punctures caused by adults also cause injury on fruits and fruit juices oozes out.
  • Collect and destroy infested fruits.
  • Cover developing fruits with paper or polythene cover immediately after anthesis pollination.
  • Maize plants grown in rows at a distance of 8-10 cm in snake gourd field is effective as flies rest on such tall plants.
  • Soil incorporation of carbaryl 10% dust can be made in fruit fly endemic areas.
  • Spraying of Dichlorovas @3 ml/lit of water at fortnightly intervals.
  • Deep ploughing to expose hibernating stages.

Like and share with other farmers by clicking on button below.

9
Share